O que torna a cadeia de bloqueio Bitcoin segura?

A cadeia de bloqueio Bitcoin provou ser notavelmente resistente em sua história de mais de uma década. Eis o que a mantém a salvo de ataques.

Em resumo

  • Comprometer-se e assumir o controle da rede Bitcoin é uma perspectiva desafiadora.
  • Isso porque a Bitcoin é criptográfica, irreversível, distribuída e pública.
  • A forçagem bruta de chaves privadas, ou o seqüestro da cadeia de bloqueio através do controle de 50% do poder computacional da rede, são praticamente impossíveis.

Nomeie uma empresa e, segundo as probabilidades, ela foi invadida. Com 71% dos hacks sendo motivados financeiramente, surge a pergunta: a rede Bitcoin também pode ser hackeada? Afinal, é um alvo tentador, com um limite de mercado de quase 335 bilhões de dólares.

Nós nunca gostamos de dizer nunca em Decrypt, mas a resposta é: praticamente não. Na verdade, Bitcoin provou ser notavelmente resistente a choques e tensões em sua história de mais de uma década. E embora as trocas criptográficas tenham sido invadidas com uma freqüência deprimente, e suas lojas de Bitcoin redistribuídas, na verdade comprometer e assumir o controle da própria rede Bitcoin é uma perspectiva muito mais assustadora.

Isso porque a Bitcoin é criptográfica, irreversível, distribuída e pública.

A Bitcoin utiliza criptografia de chave pública

Bitcoin é a moeda criptográfica original. „Crypto“ é a abreviação de criptografia; mais especificamente, „criptografia de chave pública“. Isso significa que ela usa uma chave privada e pública para garantir a autenticidade e integridade das transações; as assinaturas digitais Bitcoin são assinadas usando algo chamado Algoritmo de Assinatura Digital Curva Elíptica (ECDSA).

A única maneira de alguém derivar uma chave privada de uma determinada chave pública seria a busca por força bruta, tentando todos os valores possíveis para uma chave privada e vendo se ela gerou a chave pública correspondente. Em termos práticos, isso é impossível, já que existem 1077 combinações possíveis.

As transações de bitcoin são irreversíveis

O inteligente sobre o Bitcoin é que ele é executado em uma cadeia de bloqueios. Um „bloco“ é apenas um lote de transações recém processadas. Cada bloco é conectado ao lote anterior de transações por uma função criptográfica unidirecional, formando uma „cadeia“.

As cadeias de bloqueios são ledgers somente de escrita. Pode-se acrescentar informações a eles, mas os blocos, uma vez escritos, não podem ser modificados. É como se todas as transações estivessem enterradas sob o peso dos outros blocos.

Isso significa que as pessoas não podem simplesmente reverter uma transação de uma semana atrás, como sua empresa de cartão de crédito poderia fazer depois que você „acidentalmente“ comprou aquela peruca de cachorro na Amazon.

Bitcoin usa um livro-razão distribuído

O ecossistema financeiro tradicional depende de partes centralizadas como os bancos para manter um registro das transações e evitar transações fraudulentas. Mas isso significa que você depende dessas partes para agir de boa fé; qualquer uma dessas partes poderia ajustar o registro das transações para falsificar ou reverter uma transação.

Os bloqueios são diferentes; eles são um tipo de tecnologia de livro razão distribuído. Em vez de seu dinheiro estar em um banco de dados centralizado, vulnerável a um único ponto de falha, ele está em toda parte (ou, mais precisamente, o registro das transações é distribuído entre muitas partes separadas).

Isso pode soar como uma coisa ruim, mas não é. Todos que executam o software Bitcoin com um „nó“ – um computador – são responsáveis pela verificação das transações. A maioria dos nós deve mais ou menos concordar que o registro das transações é preciso antes que elas possam ser aprovadas. (Não se preocupe: é automatizado, portanto ninguém clica em „Concordo“ a cada 10 minutos um novo bloco é feito).

Para que alguém se aproprie da cadeia de bloqueio, seria necessário mais do que . Para a cadeia de bloqueio Bitcoin, para realizar tal ataque, seria necessária a aquisição e coordenação de recursos além até mesmo dos países mais poderosos.

Com tantas pessoas diferentes administrando o software – e um interesse coletivo em manter a valiosa moeda segura – isso não é provável que aconteça. É simplesmente muito caro e difícil de coordenar.

A cadeia de bloqueio Bitcoin é pública

Todos podem ver as transações na cadeia de bloqueio Bitcoin. É um livro-razão público. Enquanto isso significa que alguém pode ver o que está em sua carteira, não sabe que ela lhe pertence, porque seus fundos estão em um endereço pseudônimo. Além disso, eles não podem levar seu dinheiro; apenas a pessoa que possui a chave privada de um endereço Bitcoin pode movimentar os fundos.

É fundamental, devido a esta transparência, que todos possam ver o livro razão das transações e verificar que tudo está em alta. Qualquer pessoa pode auditar o sistema, o que gera confiança.

VS: Reizigers kunnen nu betalen voor paspoortdiensten met Bitcoin

De betalingen voor de dienst worden verwerkt via Coinbase Commerce, de merchant payments offshoot van de crypto-beurs.

Betaal voor Paspoortdiensten met Bitcoin

In een andere ontwikkeling die het gebruik van bitcoin in de mainstream, Amerikaanse paspoort- en visumexpediteur stimuleert, heeft Peninsula Visa onlangs aangekondigd dat het betalingen in Crypto Code Bitcoin voor geselecteerde paspoortdiensten zal beginnen te accepteren.

Het bedrijf zal met name gebruik maken van Coinbase’s merchant payments arm, Coinbase Commerce, als de veilige verwerker voor deze transacties. Geïnteresseerde klanten kunnen hier terecht voor deze dienst.
In zijn commentaar op de ontwikkeling merkte Evan James, Chief Operating Officer, Peninsula Visa, op,

„Nog nooit heeft iemand een Amerikaans paspoort kunnen betalen met een digitale munt. We zijn blij dat we het eerste bedrijf in het land zijn dat deze alternatieve betaalmethode aanbiedt aan onze gewaardeerde klanten.

Toegevoegd,

„We kijken uit naar een post COVID-wereld, die volgens ons meer digitaal dan ooit tevoren zal zijn en reizigers de mogelijkheid biedt om te betalen via Bitcoin voelt aan als de juiste zet op het juiste moment“.

Volgens de officiële aankondiging kunnen klanten gebruik maken van de volgende paspoortdiensten voor betaling via Bitcoin met extra paspoort- en visumservices die in de komende 12 maanden zullen worden uitgerold.

Deze diensten omvatten vernieuwing van het paspoort, naamsverandering, tweede paspoort en vernieuwing van het tweede paspoort.

Bitcoin Adoptie Winsten Stoom

Ondanks het feit dat de wereldeconomie dit jaar met dank aan de COVID-19 pandemie een zware klap heeft gekregen, is de ruimte voor digitale activa in verschillende sectoren toegenomen. In feite is de belangstelling voor de eerste cryptocurrency gestegen tot een niveau dat sinds de stierenloop van 2017, waarbij de BTC-prijs bijna 20.000 dollar bedroeg, niet meer is voorgekomen.

Zoals eerder gemeld door BTCManager, kondigde de Oostenrijkse telecomgigant – A1 Telekom – in juli aan dat het steun zou introduceren voor crypto-betalingen, waardoor zijn klanten kunnen betalen voor telecomdiensten met Bitcoin.

Op dezelfde manier kondigde het voedselleveringsbedrijf Just Eat in september aan dat het betaling in Bitcoin accepteerde in meer dan 15.000 restaurants in Frankrijk.

In gelijkaardig nieuws meldde BTCManager op 1 juli dat de Balie van Washington D.C. een ethisch advies aan haar leden had vrijgegeven dat de betaling van juridische kosten met behulp van cryptocurrencies zou worden geaccepteerd.

Most famous virtual influencer in the world sells NFT on SuperRare

The art marketplace for non-fungible tokens (NFT) SuperRare works with the Instagram model Lilmiquela. But unlike other artists on the NFT platform, Lilmiquela is a true digital native.

Lilmiquela itself is a so-called Computer Generated Imagery (CGI)

The computer-generated influencer is a pop singer, social activist, model and has a total of almost 3 million followers on Instagram .

Lilmiquela is now working with SuperRare to bring their own works of art as NFT to the Bitcoin Champion blockchain. According to John Crain, CEO of SuperRare, the collaboration is more than just a new work of art for SuperRare. He believes that Miquela’s digital work of art is one of the most interesting metaverse experiments that has ever taken place.

It is also yesterday that the first work of art “ The Rebirth of Venus“appeared on SupeRare

The proceeds from the sale of the artwork will be donated to a program called Black Girls CODE (BGC), which aims to encourage girls in poorer societies to use IT.

The NFT space and SuperRare have seen significant growth in the past few months and there are many different marketplaces where NFT can be traded. You can find the five best here .

In the future, it is likely that we can expect a lot more from virtual influencers in the NFT space.

CCB corrigeert Blockchain Bond-rapporten … en zegt een dik ’nee‘ tegen BTC

Dagen nadat mediakanalen van over de hele wereld meldden dat de Labuan-tak van de China Construction Bank (CCB) de allereerste blockchain-aangedreven RMB-obligaties van het land had uitgegeven, heeft de bank in kwestie de juistheid van de rapporten ontkend en eraan toegevoegd dat het geen banden heeft met „cryptocurrencies inclusief bitcoin .“

Hoewel de bank het bestaan ​​van de obligaties of het verband met hun uitgifte niet ontkent, wilde ze er wel op wijzen dat het slechts de ‚lead arranger‘ en ‚lead advisor‘ van het project is, waarbij de feitelijke uitgifte plaatsvindt via een bedrijf genaamd Longbond , en verhandelbaar op de Fusang Exchange .

Het Labuan-filiaal van de bank maakte de aankondiging op haar CCB Malaysia- website en vermeldde:

“Het bijkantoor is NIET de uitgever van de obligatie. […] Het bijkantoor accepteert GEEN cryptocurrencies, inclusief Bitcoin Profit voor afwikkeling bij een van zijn banktransacties. “

Labuan is een belastingparadijseiland in Maleisië

De uitgifte – die vanaf vandaag zal plaatsvinden – heeft de krantenkoppen over de hele wereld gehaald. En obligatiekopers zullen inderdaad obligaties van $ 100 en hoger kunnen kopen met behulp van USD of BTC – alleen niet via de bank zelf, maar eerder via de beurs waarmee ze samenwerkt. Een totale doelomvang van het programma van 3 miljard dollar.

Maar nieuwsuitzendingen over de hele wereld – waaronder veel in China – hadden, zo leek de bank af te leiden, ten onrechte gemeld dat de CCB zelf de uitgever was.

Deze omvatten de wil van de Financial Times, die liep met de kop: “China Construction Bank offshore obligaties op basis van blockchain te geven”

Volgens een vrijgave van 11 november van Fusang is Longbond een naamloze vennootschap en „een Special Purpose Vehicle voor securitisatie, opgericht met als enig doel het uitgeven van digitale obligaties en het deponeren van de opbrengst bij CCB Labuan.“ De uitwisseling voegde toe dat CCB Labuan zou optreden als de ‚listing-sponsor voor de deal‘.

De aankondiging gaf niet aan door wie Longbond was opgericht. Cryptonews.com heeft contact opgenomen met CCB voor commentaar.

De gepassioneerde aard van de CCB-ontkenning lijkt erop te wijzen dat hoewel de ijver voor alles wat met cryptocurrency te maken heeft torenhoog blijft in China, banken en andere grote bedrijven nog steeds bang zijn om de woede van Beijing in te roepen – dat in september een bijna totale crypto-repressie uitvoerde 2017 en werkt nu aan zijn digitale yuan.

Bitcoin at 20,000 USD until 2021? Analyst from Bloomberg predicts Bullrun

Bitcoin price rises sharply in price and can record price gains. The picture shows a price curve and stacked Bitcoins.

The leading commodity strategist of Bloomberg Intelligence, Mike McGlone, is of the opinion that the average annual prices of gold and Bitcoin will rise massively in the next year. By 2021, McGlone expects gold to reach $2,000 and Bitcoin to reach the $20,000 ATH of 2017.
Bitcoin still this year at USD 20,000?

In his recent tweet, he stated that the current bull market should be strengthened by improving fundamentals and technical fundamentals.

Pendulum Swings Favorably Toward $2,000 #Gold, $20,000 Bitcoin Profit average prices are on pace to reach $2,000 an ounce for gold and $20,000 for Bitcoin in 2021 Refreshed bull markets in the quasi-currencies, with improving fundamental and technical underpinnings….. pic.twitter.com/Xgbyfmstzo

– Mike McGlone (@mikemcglone11) November 9, 2020

Earlier this year, McGlone also predicted that Bitcoin would reach the $13,000 mark and that Bitcoin’s volatility would continue to decrease. Bitcoin broke through the $13,000 mark on October 22, before continuing its rise to reach $15,863 on November 6.

Institutional investors drive demand

The current Bitcoin rally is believed to be driven by a massive inflow of institutional funds into the Bitcoin market – from giants like Grayscale and Square to funds from private companies looking to acquire Bitcoin as a reserve currency.

This morning trader Willy Woo twittered that Bitcoin is being absorbed by „new smart money“, i.e. people with high equity in Woo’s definition.

Best of all we are not just seeing smart money flow in, it’s NEW smart money.

Orange line is the rate of new investors coming in per hour previously unseen before on the blockchain.

It’s seriously bullish.

Another killer chart by @glassnode. pic.twitter.com/ZXk95ksx3b

– Willy Woo (@woonomic) November 9, 2020

In addition, JP Morgan has announced that institutional players are currently more interested in investing funds in Bitcoin than in gold.

To make matters worse, the well-known Bitcoin hater Nouriel Roubini has shocked the community by taking a step to support BTC.

In an interview, he explained that although Bitcoin is still not a currency for him, it can be used as a partial store of value because of its fixed stock. Unlike the USD, total BTC can never be increased.

Shortly afterwards, however, he twittered that Bitcoin was still a pipe dream for him.

Bitcoin prepares for the next bull run

Slowly even the big skeptics are beginning to understand what is actually behind Bitcoin. After almost 11 years, BTC is slowly becoming a recognized financial product. In the meantime, there is no way around BTC when it comes to diversifying your own portfolio.

Experts have been advising for years to invest a certain part of their portfolio in Bitcoin. BTC behaves differently than many traditional financial products and is also a technological revolution.

There is much more behind BTC than many people see at first glance. It is simply far too early to talk about a globally recognized means of payment or even money. Bitcoin will remain under the radar for a few more years.

With increasing interest and decreasing supply of new BTCs, the price will continue to rise in the long run and reach new all-time highs. Once Bitcoin reaches the level of gold, it will become more interesting as a means of payment. Because from that point on, volatility will be much lower than it is currently.

In addition, there will also be a major technical development to make BTC not only accessible to the masses, but to scale it sufficiently. Then other industries will also become aware of this and use Bitcoin as micropayments. One possible field is the Internet of Things (IoT).

Even the first attempts to send transactions automatically between machines and devices were successful with Lightning. However, it will still take years until the technology is ready. We are curious and keep you up to date as always.

Former Google attorney is the next senior lawyer in the crypto industry

Coinbase is hiring another top lawyer and is possibly preparing an IPO.

Coinbase crypto exchange announced on Friday that it had appointed Milana McCullagh, a former senior lawyer at Google, as its new assistant legal counsel for products and commerce

McCullagh, who was with Google for 13 years, is supposed to take on a number of legal tasks at Bitcoin Code with regard to the product range of the crypto exchange, and to help this overall to optimize its compliance for new products.

The appointment of McCullagh is on the one hand another chapter in the wave of lawyers hiring from Coinbase and on the other hand it underscores the trend that more and more crypto companies are bringing high-ranking lawyers into their own ranks.

Between August and October, Coinbase hired Katherine Minarik, the former senior lawyer at Dyson Ltd., as the new assistant litigation director, Carly Nuzbach Lowery, a former senior lawyer at Uber Technologies London, as co-lead legal affairs, Jade Clemons, hired a former lawyer from Fenwick as commercial legal advisor; and Janice Payne, former director of internal legal affairs at CLS Group Holdings AG, as the new director of compliance.

The wave of hiring from Coinbase is intended to bring legal expertise to the company and at the same time to dispel concerns about the legal compliance of the crypto exchange, which is all the more important in the run-up to a possible IPO.

The San Francisco-based crypto company had already spoken to investment banks and law firms about the possibility of an IPO earlier this year

An interesting footnote to the efforts of Coinbase is that the crypto exchange last on knocking , has their workforce in „political neutrality“ exercises. Accordingly, political discussions and expressions of opinion should no longer take place in the work environment, which has led almost 60 employees to leave the company.

Bitcoin v. Tech-aksjer: Hvem blir de ’store‘ vinnerne?

Som et økonomisk verktøy har Bitcoin ingen konkurrent, men som en aktivaklasse har den mange. Den åpenbare er gull , men den mer moderne ekvivalenten er aktivaklassen for teknologiaksjer.

Fra lavkonjunkturen i mars 2020 har få eiendeler tilbakebetalt tapene

Mens Bitcoin er oppe med nesten 200 prosent, har tech-aksjer også sett bullish svingninger. Nasdaq Composite er opp med 56 prosent, Facebook med 77 prosent, Amazon med 95 prosent, Apple med 112 prosent (det hadde en aksjesplitt i august 2020), Netflix med 77 prosent og Alphabet med 48 prosent. Dette var de store vinnerne av krasjet, men utvilsomt så Bitcoin Profit større gevinster. Og likevel er det ikke mer spreng rundt investering i kryptovalutaen.

Mens institusjonelle investorer som MicroStrategy, Square og Paul Tudor Jones har slått bullish på den digitale eiendelen, er detaljistinvestorer fortsatt skeptiske og velger lavere ytende (men likevel verdifulle) tekniske aksjer. Hvorfor?

I et intervju med AMBCrypto ga Nick fra Ecoinmetrics tre grunner til denne outperformance av tekniske aksjer mot Bitcoin på detaljfronten.

Passivitet

På grunn av den store kapitaliseringen av de nevnte selskapene, ser teknologibaksjer høyere „passiv flyt“, sa Nick. Det han mente med dette var fordi selskaper som Apple, Alphabet, Netflix, Facebook, Amazon og Microsoft tar topplassene på S & P500, de mottar investering gjennom forskjellige indeks- og store fond. Han sa,

“FAANG er allerede en stor del av indeksene som brukes til passiv investering. Ta Apple alene, det er omtrent 6,5% av hele SP500 … Det presser igjen markedsprisen deres. ”

Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook og Alphabet tar de fem beste plassene på S & P500 , med en samlet vekt på over 20 prosent, noe som betyr at for hver dollar som settes i indeksen, strømmer det uunngåelig 20 cent til disse selskapene.

For å sammenligne denne indeksassimileringen for tech-aksjer med Bitcoin, er det ingen tilsvarende. Mens det er noen få kryptoindekser, som CM Bletchley Index , er investeringsprosessen ikke helt strømlinjeformet som den er for indeksfond og derved teknologiaksjer. Detaljistinvestorer, som uten tvil investerer i slike fond, gjør det uten motivasjon til å direkte investere i tekniske aksjer, men ender med å gjøre det på grunn av dets samlede natur.

Stimulus

Siden vi snakker spesifikt om USA og amerikanske teknologiselskaper, kan ikke stimulanspakken ignoreres. Utover den monetære stimulansen, ville den finanspolitiske stimulansen på 1200 dollar til hver borger ha blitt ført til aksjer over obligasjoner og råvarer, sa Nick.

På grunn av mangel på bevissthet bortsett fra de beste selskapene, som alle er teknologidrevne, er det ikke vekt på investering. Han la til,

„Absolutt på detaljhandelssiden har stimulanspengene bidratt til å øke aksjene. Folk som er nye innen handel, vet sannsynligvis navnet på en håndfull aksjer, og jeg antar at de pleier å være den største: Apple, Tesla, Netflix og så videre. „

Bitcoin setzt seinen Höhenflug gegen ausfallende Fiat-Währungen fort

Während die türkische Lira auf neue Tiefststände sinkt, erreicht Bitcoin neue Höchststände gegenüber der scheiternden Währung
Bitcoin setzt seinen Höhenflug gegen ausfallende Fiat-Währungen fort

Inhalt

  • Bitcoin floriert in Ländern mit gescheiterten Währungen
  • Die größten Währungen der Welt im Visier

Am 12. Oktober aktualisierte Bitcoin Trader sein Allzeithoch gegenüber der Türkischen Lira und stieg auf 92.905 TRY beim Kryptowährungsumtausch Bitfinex.

Die türkische Lira hat wegen der Unterstützung des aserbaidschanischen Militäreinsatzes im Berg-Karabach-Konflikt einen großen Teil der Mittel erhalten. Ende September rutschte sie gegenüber dem US-Dollar auf ein neues Allzeittief, nachdem sie in nur drei Jahren fast 50 Prozent ihres Wertes verloren hatte.

Bitcoin floriert in Ländern mit scheiternden Währungen

Die Türkei ist nicht allein. Bitcoin hat gegenüber einer Reihe von Fiat-Währungen routinemäßig neue Höchststände erreicht.

In der vergangenen Woche näherte er sich einem weiteren Höchststand des argentinischen Peso, da die lateinische Währung aufgrund strenger Devisenkontrollen weiter schwächelt.

Auch im brasilianischen Real, einer der am schlechtesten abschneidenden Fiat-Währungen, brach die BTC bereits im August ihr Allzeithoch.

Wie der Kryptowährungs-Evangelist Jason Deane feststellte, gilt dies für insgesamt 14 Länder mit einer Gesamtbevölkerung von 732 Mio. Menschen.

„Die gleichen Ergebnisse sind für den liberianischen Dollar, die pakistanische Rupie, den äthiopischen Birr, den ghanaischen Cedi, den haitianischen Gourde, die isländische Krone, den kasachischen Tenge, den kolumbianischen Peso, den namibischen Dollar, die Seychellois-Rupie, den südafrikanischen Rand, den Swazi Lileni (Königreich Eswatini) und den uruguayischen Peso zu verzeichnen.

Die Volatilität von Bitcoin sieht im Vergleich zur unter Druck stehenden türkischen Lira zahm aus
Verwandte Links
Die Volatilität von Bitcoin sieht im Vergleich zur unter Druck stehenden türkischen Lira zahm aus

Die größten Währungen der Welt im Visier

Dennoch verliert Bitcoin immer noch satte 42 Prozent gegenüber dem US-Dollar, der unangefochten die Reservewährung der Welt bleibt.

Das Flaggschiff unter den Krypto-Währungen schneidet gegenüber dem japanischen Yen sogar noch schlechter ab – er muss um 47 Prozent zulegen, um sein aktuelles Allzeithoch gegenüber dem sicheren Hafen zu erreichen.

Während die Zentralbanken weiterhin Geld drucken, um die von einer Pandemie betroffenen Volkswirtschaften zu stimulieren, sind die Bitcoin-Bullen davon überzeugt, dass die größten Fiat-Währungen der Welt als nächstes an der Reihe sind.

SEC-Klärungsschreiben bietet Unterstützung

SEC-Klärungsschreiben bietet Unterstützung für Krypto-Firmen

Die amerikanische Sicherheits- und Börsenkommission hat durch ihr an die Regulierungsbehörde für die Finanzindustrie (FINRA) gerichtetes SEC-Klärungsschreiben Unterstützung für depothaltende Broker-Dealer wie gezeigt.

Die SEC ist dafür bekannt, dass sie Kryptofirmen im Nacken sitzt, die sich über Regulierungsverstöße streiten und Sanktionen verhängen. Der Fall ist jetzt jedoch anders gelagert. Die Aufsichtsbehörden schickten laut Bitcoin Evolution einen Brief (SEC-Klärungsschreiben) an die FINRA, um zu klären, in welcher Reihenfolge und unter welchen Bedingungen Crypto-Broker-Dealer digitale Vermögenswerte austauschen können.

Broker-Dealer sind lizenzierte Unternehmen, die berechtigt sind, Vermögenswerte im Namen ihrer Kunden zu kaufen, zu verkaufen und zu handeln. Im Schreiben der SEC an Vice President, Risk Oversight & Operational Regulation, stellte Frau Kris Dailey, FINRA, jedoch klar, dass Broker-Dealer wie Coinbase in einem dreistufigen Verfahren zwischen Krypto-Vermögenswerten im Namen von Kunden tauschen können, ohne gegen die Vorschriften zu verstoßen.

Tausch von Krypto-Vermögenswerten ohne Verletzung von Vorschriften

Zuvor konnten Broker-Dealer keine Krypto-Vermögenswerte im Namen von Kunden tauschen. Die Kunden mussten ihre Geschäfte einreichen und warten, bis eine Börse eine Gegenpartei im Namen des Broker-Dealers gefunden hatte. Nachdem eine Übereinstimmung für den Handel gefunden wurde, muss der Broker-Händler vor der Ausführung noch einmal von den Kunden bestätigen.

Das umständliche Verfahren wurde vereinfacht. Sobald die Kunden den Handel genehmigen, führen die Broker-Dealer-Verwahrstellen diese Geschäfte aus und informieren ihre Kunden anschließend. In dem Schreiben wird klargestellt, dass anstelle des bisherigen Prozesses, bei dem der Handelsauftrag und die Bestätigung des Kunden getrennt erfolgen, der Prozess sofort abgeschlossen werden kann.

  • Schritt 1 – Käufer und Verkäufer senden ihre jeweiligen Aufträge an das ATS, benachrichtigen ihre jeweiligen Verwahrer über ihre beim ATS eingereichten Aufträge und weisen ihre jeweiligen Verwahrer an, Transaktionen gemäss den Bedingungen ihrer Aufträge abzuwickeln, wenn das ATS die Verwahrer über eine Übereinstimmung auf dem ATS benachrichtigt.
  • Schritt 2 – Das ATS gleicht die Aufträge ab
  • Schritt 3 – Das ATS benachrichtigt den Käufer und Verkäufer und ihre jeweiligen Verwahrer über den abgestimmten Handel, und die Verwahrer führen die bedingten Anweisungen aus.

Die Klarstellung würde den Broker-Dealern helfen, sicherer gegen SEC-Aktionen zu werden, und die Kunden wären zuversichtlicher, wenn sie sich für den Service entscheiden.

An Broker-Dealer, die Kundengeschäfte ausführen, sind jedoch noch weitere Bedingungen geknüpft, darunter das Halten einer Rücklage von 250.000 $ Nettokapital.

Reaktion auf das SEC-Klärungsschreiben

Trotz des versuchten SEC-Klärungsschreibens sagte Drew Hinkes, ein Anwalt der US-Kanzlei Carlton Fields, dass es für Broker-Dealer nach wie vor schwierig sei, festzustellen, welche Kryptowährungen überhaupt legal gehandelt werden dürfen.

Dem Anwalt zufolge haben Broker-Dealer immer noch keine definitiven Antworten darauf, welche Kryptos legal sind und welche nicht.

Er stellte auch die SEC-Regel 15c3-3 in Frage. Dieser Abschnitt schreibt vor, dass Broker-Dealer im physischen Besitz der Vermögenswerte des Kunden sein müssen.

Trotz der Bemühungen der SEC, den Kryptohandel bei Bitcoin Evolution zu klären, zeigt sein Schreiben vor allem, dass es immer noch Schlupflöcher bei der Überbrückung von Regulierungsfragen mit Kryptowährungen in den USA gibt.

Presunta truffa mineraria Bitcoin Segnalata dalla SEC delle Filippine

Uno schema minerario che coinvolge Bitcoin e una forchetta Bitcoin è stato sbattuto dai regolatori filippini per essere un presunto schema Ponzi.

  • Le autorità hanno messo in guardia contro un presunto schema Ponzi, basato sulle miniere di Bitcoin nelle Filippine.
  • Gli investitori possono guadagnare fino a 92 dollari al giorno, in base al loro investimento iniziale.
  • L’azienda ha poi negato le richieste di risarcimento e afferma che continuerà ad operare indipendentemente dall’azione legale.

La Philippines Security and Exchange Commission

La Philippines Security and Exchange Commission ha avvertito l’opinione pubblica di stare alla larga dalla società mineraria Bitcoin „Mining City“, un presunto schema Ponzi, come da comunicato ufficiale.

Secondo il suo sito, Mining City offre sei pacchetti minerari agli investitori, che vanno dai 300 ai 12.600 dollari, per il noleggio delle sue macchine minerarie per estrarre la „Bitcoin Vault“ – una forchetta Bitcoin che rende altamente improbabile la pretesa di avere una sicurezza migliore della Bitcoin. I noleggiatori possono quindi aspettarsi dai 2 ai 92 dollari in pagamento ogni giorno in base al piano che acquistano.

Ma quelle promesse hanno alzato bandiera rossa per la SEC filippina. Ha descritto nel suo avvertimento:

„Lo schema impiegato da Mining City mostra chiaramente l’indicazione di un possibile schema Ponzi in cui i nuovi investitori vengono utilizzati per pagare „falsi profitti“ agli investitori precedenti ed è progettato principalmente per favorire i suoi migliori reclutatori“.

Il regolatore ha aggiunto che Mining City è un’entità senza licenza che opera illegalmente nel paese con le linee guida necessarie per gli scambi di valuta virtuale.

Promotori a pagamento

Come da comunicato, il CEO di Mining City Gregory Rogowski, il team leader Anthony Aguilar e Jhon Rey Grey, l’amministratore della pagina Facebook di Mining City, sono stati identificati come personale chiave coinvolto nel progetto.

Per ora, la SEC ha consigliato a tutti i cittadini filippini di „smettere di investire nei piani offerti da Mining City o da entità che si impegnano in contratti intelligenti, valute criptate o scambi di beni digitali che non sono registrati presso la commissione“.

I promotori di tali programmi possono anche essere perseguiti penalmente con multe superiori a 100.000 dollari o con la reclusione fino a 21 anni.

Nel frattempo, Mining City sembra imperterrita. Un avviso sul suo sito web afferma che continuerà a funzionare anche se la sua attività, o sito web, dovesse essere chiusa da qualsiasi governo. Ha persino affermato che il governo non può chiuderla perché è decentralizzata e „libera da qualsiasi autorità“.

Gli schemi Ponzi basati su Crypto e le relative truffe hanno rappresentato oltre 4,3 miliardi di dollari di fondi rubati e malversati solo nel 2019, come da un precedente rapporto della società di analisi a catena Chainalysis. I truffatori di solito attirano vittime credulone con l’esca di facili profitti, che si rivelano essere il più delle volte un classico schema piramidale.

Parliamo dei pericoli del decentramento.